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Autism Resources and Community (ARC)

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      Background on Teaching Children with Autism Language Using Pictures

      Angela Nelson, J.D., Ed.M. By Angela Nelson, J.D., Ed.M. | 4/10/14 2:33 PM | Teaching with Pictures | 0 Comments

      woman-teaching-two-kids-language-with-picturesWhen very young children first begin to learn language skills, they learn new words by hearing the spoken word tied to the actual object (Richards & Goldfarb, 1986). For example, if parents repeat the word car every time they take their child to the car, the child will quickly learn that the word car represents the real car.

      Learning new words is not limited to pairing a word with an actual object. As children get a little older, they can also learn new words when the word is paired with a picture representation of the object.

      Studies show that nine-month-old children don’t yet see pictures as representations, or symbols, of an object. Most infants, instead, respond to pictures by hitting, rubbing, and grasping at the image. It is as if they are trying to pluck the object off of the page (Pierroutsakos & DeLoache, 2003).

      However, in just a few more months, children start to understand that a picture is actually a symbol for a real object (Priessler & Carey, 2004). In fact, by 18 months, children are able to learn words by exploring pictures with adults, then generalizing these newly learned labels to the actual objects represented. In a study by Priessler and Carey (2004), 18-month old children were taught the word whisk using a picture of the whisk. Later, when asked by a teacher to choose the whisk from a group of other novel items, most children were able to correctly identify the real whisk.

      As it is not always possible to introduce children to every actual object that you want them to learn, pictures provide a very effective, and practical, way to teach beginning language skills. When choosing autism education products and preschool education products, those with real pictures are a great way to go!

      If you would like 20 free picture cards to use in your autism language program or any other program for teaching with pictures, click on this pretty blue button!

      Download FREE Language Builder Cards

      Want more information on teaching autism language with pictures? Check out our Autism and Language blog series: 

      Part 1: Encouraging Emerging Language and Receptive Vocabulary

      Part 2: Building Vocabulary

      Part 3: From Basic Vocabulary to Building Sentences

      Part 4: Labeling and Requesting 

      Angela Nelson, J.D., Ed.M. Angela Nelson is the creator of the widely-recognized Language Builder Picture Card Series, and the creator and lead author for the Language Builder ARIS curriculum. Angela received her BA and JD from UCLA where she studied and practiced behavior psychology under Dr. Ivar Lovaas, and her Ed.M. at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, with a focus on technology innovation and education. As Founder and CEO of Stages Learning Materials, Angela has created autism, special needs and early childhood curriculum products since 1997. In addition to her duties at Stages, Angela writes for multiple industry publications and is Chair of the Education Market Association.

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