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教自闭症儿童进行情感表达 (Teaching Kids with Autism about Emotions)

Angela Nelson, J.D., Ed.M. By Angela Nelson, J.D., Ed.M. | 12/7/16 11:24 PM | About Autism | 0 Comments

This article was originally written in English and has been translated into Chinese.

 

家长和教育工作者往往需要费很大的力气教自闭症儿童表达他们的情感。当自闭症儿童不能够辨别和表达他们的情感时,他们可能会有一些不恰当的行为。例如,发脾气、产生敌对情绪,甚至是避世。如果自闭症孩子们能够表达他们的情感,他们的挫败感会得到减少,我们也能够帮助他们减少他们的不满。

可惜的是,教会自闭症儿童理解和辨别他们的情绪是一个复杂的任务。毕竟,很多所谓“正常”的孩子都需要在表达情感上付出很大的努力。

Stages Learning Materials公司提供一套80张的情感卡片。这套卡片可以帮助自闭症孩子辨别和讨论不同的感觉和情绪。这其中一半的卡片的背景都是白色,只展现人物的上半部分身体和面庞,同时非常清晰地表现一种情绪。因此,孩子能够开始理解和辨别基本的面部表情。剩下的卡片展现的是真实生活场景和活动中的人物。这些卡片中的自然场景能够引发孩子们关于情感的讨论:为什么这些人会有这样的情感?如何对这些情感作出反应。

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一旦你可以帮助你的孩子辨别基本的情感,你可以朝着帮助他们表达自己的情感迈进。如果你的孩子还不会说话,你可以随时把这些图放在身边。这样子的话,你可以让孩子们通过指某一张照片来识别他们的情感。

Download Your Language Builder Emotion Cards

 

Translated by Runxi Chen.

Runxi ChenRunxi Chen is a graduate student at Harvard Graduate School of Education, with a concentration on Technology, Innovation and Education. She has experience growing up with an autistic sister and volunteering in an autism center in Beijing. She has a passion for designing learning materials for children with autism spectrum disorder.

Angela Nelson, J.D., Ed.M. Angela Nelson received her BA and JD from UCLA where she studied and practiced behavior psychology under Dr. Ivar Lovaas, and her Ed.M. at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, with a focus on technology innovation and education. As Founder and CEO of Stages Learning Materials, Angela has created autism, special needs and early childhood curriculum products since 1997. In addition to her duties at Stages, Angela writes for multiple industry publications and is on the board of the Education Market Association. In her spare time, Angela makes a mean ginger scallion sauce, and attempts to adjust to non-LA weather.

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